The National Jewish Theatre was formed in 1950 through the merger of theater ensembles from Wrocław and Łódź. In the following years it was active in both cities and made guest appearances throughout Poland. In 1955 it moved to Warsaw. The Theatre continues the rich tradition of Yiddish drama in Poland from the period between the First and Second World Wars. The plays are acted in Polish and Yiddish. The theater presents classics of Yiddish theater little known to the broader public today. As heir to the culture of Yiddish drama in Poland, it conscientiously cultivates the classics of Yiddish drama. The core repertoire includes the most outstanding works of Abraham Goldfaden, Mendele-Mocher-Seforim, Sholom Aleichem, Isaac Leib Peretz, Jacob Gordin, S. Anski and P. Hirshbein. The National Jewish Theatre also presents contemporary theater: it has expanded its offering to include modern works by Isaac Babel, Arthur Miller and Ervin Silvanus, and others that take up Jewish subjects. Currently it stages works including Fiddler on the Roof, Between Day and Night – Dybbuk, The House on Nalewki Street, and the fairy tales Cinderella, Snow White and Sleeping Beauty.
The National Jewish Theatre is a landmark on the cultural map of Warsaw. Its performances draw huge audiences who come to discover the wealth of Jewish culture.